A Love Affair with Encaustic and Alcohol Ink
Disclosure: Jacquard Products sent me a complimentary set of their Pinata alcohol inks to review as part of this article.
I have to tell you a secret. I’ve been having a serious encaustic love affair lately – with alcohol inks. The two of us were introduced years ago, but we didn’t start dating until early this year.
Getting to know Alcohol Inks
I didn’t want anything to mar my devotion to encaustic, so I got to know alcohol inks first on Yupo paper. What was the personality of this medium? What if I sprayed it with water when dry, or when wet? What if I spiced things up a bit with a dash of salt? What if I dropped ink into a pool of Isopropyl alcohol? I was immediately smitten.
Alcohol inks come in a variety of colours – some are handsomely bright, like Jacquard’s Pinata inks. Some are the more natural, outdoorsy type – like Tim Holtz’ Adirondack Inks. Some, like Copic pen refills, are subtle and discreet. Right from the beginning, I loved their spontaneity. I’d make a mark on the page and the ink would react. I’d respond to that effect and the ink would do something else. If I passed a hair dryer successively over wet ink, gentle, wave-like lines would appear. But passion can get hot! If I got too close, the paper would start to melt.
It was like we couldn’t stop having these amazing conversations. Soon it was time to take things to the next level: encaustic!
Alcohol Ink on Encaustic
I prepared a smooth wax surface on a wood substrate and tried to invite the same intoxicating waltz. Well, it turns out that wax is not the same dance partner, so I had to adapt my techniques. We still hit it off though.
- Of course, wax is much more tolerant of the heat. I could torch the inky surface to an almost boiling point to get effects that mimicked the lacy look of pigmented shellac on encaustic.
- Carving into the wax allowed wet ink to run into the wells.
- A dip pen filled with ink allowed me to draw lines (this is not possible with all brands – check the specs.)
- I sprayed wet ink with water and let it dry, learning how to fuse carefully and successively so that the ink didn’t move.
- Conversely, ink fused to the melting point achieved wonderful marbled effects (or a muddy mess, depending on whether things went too far!)
(Note that acrylic-based inks cannot be used with encaustic but are great on Yupo paper. I found that walnut inks never dried on the wax.)
Alcohol Ink Safety Precautions
But as with any love affair – reality finally started to set in.
- Flammable: One fateful night we got so carried away that I started a small fire on the wax surface. I learned never to fuse wet alcohol with a torch.
- Unsafe to breathe: Ignited Volatile Organic Compounds in alcohol inks are also very unsafe to breathe. Alcohol inks must be used in a well-ventilated environment and never applied airborne from a spray bottle.
Are Alcohol Inks Archival?
And finally, the fateful truth revealed itself: I learned that alcohol inks are not archival.
Alcohol ink is dye-based – kinda like Kool-Aid cordial. Pigment is dissolved in Isopropyl (or Ethyl) alcohol and a binder; the granules become small and translucent. Very beautiful, but not always stable when exposed to light. We know art should never be displayed in a sunny location, but some ink colours are more lightfast than others. Jacquard informed me their Pinata alcohol inks contain the most lightfast dyes and ethanol alcohol, and the metallic and whites are made of true pigments.
If alcohol inks are not archival, what, I bemoaned, was to come of my fabulous love affair?
India Ink is archival
I’d been using black India Ink to introduce line into my encaustic/ink paintings and learned that Dr. Ph. Martin’s Bombay India inks are archival and lightfast. This is because India ink behaves more like chalk pigment suspended in water and gum/shellac. The particles remain larger than when dissolved in alcohol, remaining archival as such, and they rest more on the surface of the wax. India Ink tends to have more muted colours, but these can still be somewhat transparent, and I found they achieve a more pronounced cracking effect on wax when dried and fused. You can read more about India Ink and Encaustic here.
So these many months later, you might wonder how my love affair is proceeding… While you might think I’d have forsaken alcohol inks for the more archival India inks, I truly love them both. I feel strongly that the art I sell must be archival, but when I’m experimenting for my own fun… why not play with a variety of materials? Indeed, many fine mixed media artworks would never have been created if artists didn’t experiment, right? Think of Picasso!
Does wax provide UV Protection?
Some artists have asked about the UV protective nature of wax. Wax seals the paper from the air but it is not a UV protectant so the inks can still fade. Personally, I’ve found that dyed fabric I included in artwork created years ago has faded over time, despite the protective wax surface.
Others have inquired whether UV spray can be used on wax. I am loath to spray chemically-based sealants on encaustic. I found that a quick, thin layer of clear medium pulled across a well-fused ink/wax surface does encase the ink, but I don’t like the loss of translucently. If you’re wondering which ink colours are more lightfast, try painting experimental test grids and leave them in a sunny window to see which inks hold up over time.
Watch my alcohol ink Instagram videos
- Fusing Alcohol ink on Encaustic
- Collage – Yupo Paper and Alcohol Ink
- Alcohol and Walnut Ink on Yupo Paper
- Painting Surface Tour
- Alcohol Ink on Yupo
- Alcohol Ink on Yupo Paper
- Yupo Paper and Alcohol ink
What do you think?
Such is the salacious story of my love affair with ink thus far. You might be tempted to try them and fall in love yourself… Get out and do some encaustic/ink speed dating! I invite you to leave a comment or question below about alcohol inks and encaustic painting.
Thank you to the following for information: Bethany Handfield, Linda Roberston, Chartpak Inks, Jacquard Products and that great well of information…the internet.
Join Shary for her upcoming Encaustic Mixed Media workshops, including Ink on Wax in Vancouver, Canada.
- Alcohol Inks and Encaustic - July 20, 2018
36 thoughts on “Alcohol Inks and Encaustic”
Can you apply encaustic medium OVER a UV protectant spray on watercolor? I love the effect of encaustic over watercolor, but am concerned about the watercolor pigment fading over time.
That’s a lot of Work. Thank you for the great info. I don’t use ink that often but I want it to be successful. I appreciate your work. Your demo in Essence of Mulroney was great.
thank you. important new info for me.
Thanks Sarah, Glad it was helpful. I’m having a great time using alcohol inks and wax in preparing my videos for the online encaustic Masterclass, Painting with Fire. I’ll be teaching a session on alcohol inks on encaustic. It’s a great year-long deep dive into encaustic with 26 fabulous instructors if you are interested. The sessions are all pre-recorded. Here is the link https://bit.ly/3jDXuxP
Hi, read somewhere that ink is good to use on candles, was reading this in reference to the wax.. I am worried it would have issues being flammable. Not sure if they meant on the outside of a candle, or mixed in with melted wax and then set.. thoughts? do you know anything that could be helpful?
I’m sorry, Abbey, I don’t know the answer to this question. From my experience, the ink is most flammable when the alcohol is wet. And I don’t know if your reference was referring to ink to colour the candle or paint on the outside. Sorry I can’t help.
Great article. I always wondered how Alicia Tormey got such vibrant colours and suspected it may be alcohol ink since it was referenced in her instagram.
I’m out in the Vancouver area Sept 24/25/2019 and if you have a studio I would love to come visit if that is a possibility.
Alicia Tormey, to my understanding, uses shellac and pigment, so this is archival. It does share some similar effects though. Her work is wonderful. Yes, please visit my studio!
I believe she uses some type of ink, her website states her mediums for her botanicals are ” Encaustic, shellac, ink, oil”
great to know. thanks,
Hello: I put a wash of india ink on the final layer of my encaustic piece after I had scratched into the surface with various tools. I wanted the ink to go into the scratches to highlight them and create texture. I put the wash on then wipied it in and off the surface. All the ink came off. Should I have let it dry a bit? Should I have fused it? I do not want it over the entire surface…just the scratches. Would appreciate your advice. Thanks so much, Valerie
Maybe you’re wiping off too much, I don’t recall if I’ve done this with inks before. Have you tried using oil stick or oil paint?
Sorry, I missed your question. I would suggest that pigment sticks or oil paint or even tar, would be your best bet for this effect. If you have fairly deep marks and let the ink dry, you could try to wipe the ink off with a wet cloth or baby wipe, just hitting the top surface and missing the scratched areas. This would be really tricky though! Don’t fuse first or you won’t be able to wipe it off. Good luck. Cheers!
sorry Valerie, I missed this. Yes, alcohol reactivates the ink. If you put a layer of wax over, you can add more ink, but it obscures the ink layer somewhat. good luck
Great article Shary. I was especially interested in the archival-qualities of the various inks!
Glad you enjoyed it, Janet.
If you want to have fun, paint glazed tiles with alcohol ink and use a flame on them. They burn quickly and you have a whole different aspect on your tile!
Wow. That sounds really fun, Gail. I tried that once without wax and I loved the super high gloss shine. Did you put Encaustic on yours? I suspect the wax would not adhere well to a glazed tile, however, Wax adheres beautifully to bisqued tiles.
I have been using alcohol inks with encaustic wax. I use the AI first seal and then apply colored encaustic wax on top. Beautiful results.
That sounds like a cool technique. There’s so much that can be done with inks. The sky is the limit 🙂
Thank you for the inspiration!
Wonderful. Have fun.
I’m so glad that you mentioned alcohol ink isn’t archival; I had to quit using it in my encaustic as well. However, I love it to play with!
Playing is great. And try the Dr. PH Martins for archival quality. See if that works for you.
what are Dr PH Martins?
Hi Heather they are a brand of inks – https://amzn.to/4588k6w
Thanks Ruth! These are the coloured India Inks. Cheers.
It is great fun to play with indeed.
You’ve inspired me to pull my alcohol inks out of storage, dust ’em off and give them another try. My love affair never really ignited…lol. Thanks for the post!
That’s Awesome, Christina. I have a feeling that you are about to fall in love too. 🙂
Looking forward to trying some alcohol ink as backgrounds for my photo encaustic projects. Thank you for the post
That sounds fun. Glad you enjoyed the post.
Thanks for the great explanation Shary. Now if they would only make alcohol inks that are archival… I wonder what would happen if you put water colour paint into alcohol???
From my understanding, Sharon, it is the alcohol which renders the pigment fugitive. Try it and let me know though! Cheers!
Sorry I missed your comment! Perhaps you could try Indian inks by Bombay? I have never put watercolour paint into alcohol but you could try. It would still end up as a pigment with grains, assuming you used powder. I don’t think using watercolour paints with water would work too well. Let me know if you found anything out. Cheers.
Great Cindy, Thanks